• Team Apricus

Basic Stitches

When you start to sew, it is important to build your knowledge of basic stitches and what they are used for. These stitches are easy to master and applicable to all projects in the sew simple guide.


Starting off top tips:


  1. When tying the knot on the thread, it will have to be done multiple times. It must be bigger than the hole made by the needle so that it doesn’t come through.

  2. When threading the needle, always be patient and gentle when guiding the thread through the eye. A clean cut end will always go through better than a frayed one so it’s best to cut off the very end of the thread to make this easier.

  3. When tying the end knot in the thread, ensure it is on the underside of the fabric so that it can’t be seen in the final result.


Running Stitch:


Running stitches are used to sew basic seams, hems and gathers. You can also use it to assemble pieces of light fabric, sew patches or even just to hold fabric layers together when quilting!

  1. The first thing to do is thread your needle and tie a knot at the end of the string.

  2. Pierce the fabric with your needle and bring the thread through, making sure the knot is firmly in place underneath.

  3. The next thing to do is to push the needle into the fabric - just next to the first piercing - and pull the thread all the way down. This is your first stitch!

  4. You can then bring the thread up again from the bottom and repeat these steps to create a running stitch!



Back Stitch:


It is used to permanently hold two pieces of fabric together. When doing this stitch, you will see that it looks like one continuous line of thread; making it a good option for decoration or embroidery.

  1. You start by threading the needle and tying a knot at the end of the string.

  2. The next thing to do is poke the needle through the fabric. Instead of going forwards like with a running stitch, you are going to push the needle down to the left of your first piercing.

  3. You then bring the needle back up to the fabric at the right of your first piercing - not the one you just made.

  4. When making your second stitch, repeat step two but make sure that the needle goes through the hole that you have already made.

  5. You can repeat this process to do a back stitch!



Cross Stitch:


A stitch commonly used in embroidery. Great for embellishment and filling in designs of all sizes. A strong stitch that doesn’t take long.

  1. Identify the four holes you’ll use to make the stitch

  2. Bring your needle up from the bottom left hole and make a diagonal stitch, taking the needle back down through the top right hole

  3. Bring the needle back through the bottom right hole

  4. Repeat the same stitch until you have as many as you need

  5. Start to go back along the row you’ve just stitched, doing the same diagonal stitch in reverse, making cross stitches as you go.



Blanket stitch:


A great stitch for creating neat and stunning edges to fabric as well as sewing two pieces of fabric together while creating a clean finish.

  1. Thread the needle and make a knot in one of the tails

  2. Bring the thread up from the back so the knot is hidden. If you’re working with two layers of fabric, bring the thread up between the layers to hide the knot completely.

  3. Pull the thread all the way through.

  4. Take the thread around to the back of the fabric and bring it up to the front again through the same hole.

  5. Bring the needle through the stitched loop, from left to right, along the edge of the fabric.

  6. From the back, take another stitch

  7. Pull the thread to leave a loop and bring the needle through the loop from front to back.

  8. Continue sewing stitches to the left until your edge is finished

  9. To finish your row, bring the thread to the back through the bottom of your last stitch and tie off with a knot.



Blind Stitch:


It is used when you are sewing an inconspicuous hem. When done using any thread, the stitches can’t be seen and the seams left are flawless.

  1. Fold the rough edges of the fabric over so that they join in the middle and the edges are smooth. Pin in place.

  2. Pull the needle and thread up from between the fabric edges so that the knot remains hidden.

  3. Push the needle into the folded part of the fabric and bring it back through 0.25 cm away from the hole on the same side.

  4. Take the needle to the other side of the fabric and repeat the same stitch.

  5. Continue to make small stitches in the folds, crossing sides each time.

  6. Once all stitches have been made, pull the thread gently until the stitch closes up and then tie off with a knot.



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